# Implicit Defaults

Often there are many implementations of data structures and algorithms with different performance. Currently, Scala provides sensible defaults:
```val xs = List(1, 5, 2, 8, 4)
val xSorted = xs.sort
```
Unfortunatelly, there is no elegant way to override the defaults both locally or for an entire scope. In our opinion the most elegant way to achieve it are the implicits. If factories and methods with multiple implementation would accept the desired implementation as an implicit argument, this is how we'd be able to override the defaults:
```implicit val sortMethod = SortMethod.TimSort
val xs = List(1, 5, 2, 8, 4)
val xSorted = xs.sort
// and now override them locally
val xs2 = List(1, 5, 2, 8, 4)(ListVariant.XorList)
val xSorted2 = xs.sort(SortMethod.QuickSort)
```
This approach could be extended to numeric literals, we need the literals 42 to be intepreted as Int("42") where Int.apply takes an implicit argument "variant" (Int16, Int32, Int64, BigInteger) and 42.1 as Fractional("42.1") with implicit argument "variant" (Float, Double, Decimal, BigDecimal, FixedPoint(accuracy), Rational(accuracy), ContFraction(accuracy)):
```implicit val intVariant = IntVariant.BigInteger
val x = 234794320943279322878
```

In order to completely separate implementation/optimization details from the substantial part of the algorithm, we need an analogon of Cascading Style Sheets. I would propose the following format:
```«scope selector» {
«type» = «implicit value of that type»
..
}
```

Here's an example:
```com.miriamlaurel.test432 {
SortMethod = QuickSort
Ordering[String] = AlphabeticOrders.Swedish
FractVariant = BigDecimal

TestObj#cacheCriticalMethod {
SortMethod = ShellSort
}
}```

I'd also provide the !important keyword from CSS with an optional argument "salience" for manual control of implicits priorities.
```IntVariant = BigDecimal !important(100)
```
Apart from support for numeric literals, everything described above can be implemented with means already present in Scala 2.10 (mainly, macros). What do you think?

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